A report by Brewer and co-workers looked into the factors that donate to perceived testimony accuracy and reliability. An example of this is when the lone witness watches the news on the television and the possible suspects are shown on television.
In amount, intervening happenings can have a great effect on a child's potential to remember the initial event. Sarsfield was exonerated by a DNA test 9.
Also, it could improve the accuracy of received EWT if the interview is carried out by way of a non-uniformed officer to reduce the pressure that the kid is under in case the repetition of questions is retained to a minimum.
Two studies concerned with the consistency and accuracy of eyewitness testimony were conducted by Brewer, Potter, Fisher, Bond, and Luszcz Participants were shown a video of a car accident and then, as if they were eyewitnesses they were asked to describe what had happened. They are two distinct features that imply whether the witness has been truthful or in a position to recall important information on a particular situation Perry and Wrightsman,so both are highly sought after within an eyewitness.
Influence of psychological factors on eyewitness testimony Misleading questions American psychologist, Elizabeth Loftus, represented the application of Cognitive psychology to the real world.
It is safe to conclude that legally, of the three kinds of evidence, the object evidence is considered as superior and more reliable. One factor here is his relationship with the accused. It is at this time that the witness tries to recall the stored information.
Retrieved December 23,from http: Personality and Individual Differences, 50 5 Annual Review of Psychology. In this procedure, the witness almost always makes the choice as to who among the suspects appearing before her is the most likely culprit, to the point of comparing which among the persons in the lineup is the most likely suspect instead of making a genuine recollection of the event.
Several factors could have an effect in the memory of the witness. Around the country, that doesn't always happen. This exposure to information may alter and change the information that is stored in his memory to suit the post-event information that he was exposed to.
Adult participants needed to rate the consistency of the witness storage and their honesty for just two different scenarios in which a child was a bystander. In our example, conditions such as the time of the day the event happened, the distance of the perceiver from the object of the perception, the relative speed of the happening of the sequence of events.
The witness likewise immediately fled to avoid the possibility that the killers might come back and look for him. The researchers showed that individuals had accurate memories when they witnessed a stressful event up close. This is called the unconscious transference where memory images in the past may without the knowledge of the witness be actually confused with other memory images.
It is also possible that the witness was under a lot of stress or fear at the time of the event which would make his testimony less reliable.
If this is impracticable, an audio or written record should be made. We have already established the fact that the human memory alters according to the way in which we store information in our brain, it is not stored exactly as it seems to be; different people interpret a situation differently and therefore store it in a way that makes sense to them.
Our behavior is guided by the set of schemas that we have in our brain. Eyewitness reform in your state: This familiarity may be mistaken by the eyewitness to be the actual accused.
As a result, eyewitness testimony which depends so much on human memory can be lost or destroyed or even contaminated. The next day he watches television and hears the news about the person being killed. Discover the science that says eyewitness identification is highly unreliable—and write about DNA exonerations in your own state in which inmates were wrongfully convicted based on faulty eyewitness identification—sometimes by several people who were simply wrong, as DNA tests have proved.
The importance of this study need not be further emphasized. Memory recall of a real-life situation is accurate even after a few months and the loaded questions do have as much of an effect as they do in laboratory experiments e.
Considering certainty he found it both a blessing and a source of potential error, because the information human mind and eye could see, store and recall might not be true. If it was at nighttime the jury must consider whether there was proper lighting condition within the vicinity for the witness to see the two accused.Eyewitness Testimony as a source of reliable evidence In relation to cognitive psychology, is eyewitness testimony reliable in today's judicial system?
Word Count: ABSTRACT Is eyewitness testimony a reliable source of evidence in today's judicial system? Many jurors tend to pay close. The following essay will present research that has investigated why eyewitness testimony can be inaccurate and may consequently not be relevant in a court case.
The essay will also consider whether children are accurate and reliable eye witnesses. Your research paper is expected to demonstrate the following: balanced knowledge of the subject derived from scientific literature. personal reflections and opinions derived from this effort.
Jul 06, · Best Answer: Hi Katie, Eye Witness Testimony Different types of evidence in Eye witness testimony: When deciding the guilt or innocence of individuals in court, juries, judges, and police investigators rely on three major types of agronumericus.com: Resolved.
Eye Witness Testimony - Psychology Essay A witness is someone who has firsthand knowledge about a crime through their senses and can certify to its happening and someone who has seen an event at firsthand is known as an eyewitness. The post Term Papers: Discuss his reasons for stating that eyewitness testimony was not reliable.
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