The Methods section is prone to being wordy or overly detailed. Restating the results By far the most common error made in the discussion is restating the results.
This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. Should you need to remind the reader of a finding to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" that relate the result to the interpretation. So do not run into the same problems as the writers of the sentences in 1: For example, the discussion of a case report will be much shorter than that of an original article which describes six figures.
Omit information that is irrelevant to a third party, such as what color ice bucket you used, or which individual logged in the data. In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods.
This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure.
Why is your research important? You are still in your lab finishing revisions and getting ready to submit your paper. This occurs when the findings obtained from outside sources are not cited at all or inconsistently referenced. Choosing the best working revision strategies Now that you have created the first draft, your attitude toward your writing should have improved.
Revising is a difficult but useful skill, which academic writers obtain with years of practice. Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in your introduction.
Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed. Papers, Proposals, and Presentations. Notice how the substitution in red of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both in the context of the paper, and if taken out of context.
As always, pay attention to spelling, clarity and appropriateness of sentences and phrases. Exploring conventions of scientific discourse. The journal may require a separate subheading for this section.
The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. If your results differ from your expectations, explain why that may have happened. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? To be concise, present methods under headings devoted to specific procedures or groups of procedures Generalize - report how procedures were done, not how they were specifically performed on a particular day.
You may decide what you want to change and how after you receive the feedback and sort it in your head. You might have conducted an experiment 20 times and collected numerous records, but this does not mean that you should present all those records in your paper. How to Write an Effective Discussion.
When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: Provide 1 to 2 sentences summarizing the main findings of the study. Single paragraph, and concise As a summary of work done, it is always written in past tense An abstract should stand on its own, and not refer to any other part of the paper such as a figure or table Focus on summarizing results - limit background information to a sentence or two, if absolutely necessary What you report in an abstract must be consistent with what you reported in the paper Corrrect spelling, clarity of sentences and phrases, and proper reporting of quantities proper units, significant figures are just as important in an abstract as they are anywhere else Introduction Your introductions should not exceed two pages double spaced, typed.
The information presented is specific. In a minute or less a reader can learn the rationale behind the study, general approach to the problem, pertinent results, and important conclusions or new questions. Attention should also be paid to the journal requirements, as some journals will require that a certain percentage of the references must be published within the past 5 to 10 years.
Create a detailed outline and discuss it with your mentor and peers. Further large-scale studies and clinical trials are required to verify our promising results.
When reading for content and organization, you should control your urge to edit your paper for sentence structure and grammar and focus only on the flow of your ideas and logic of your presentation. Find a niche a. Anesth Analg ; Establish a research territory a.
Indicate a gap in the previous research, or extend previous knowledge in some way. The sentences can be improved when information is added, as in 2a and 2brespectfully: Another revision strategy is to learn your common errors and to do a targeted search for them [ 13 ].Nov 21, · Option contracts law essay forest and their uses essays staar persuasive essay ppts.
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ScienceDocs Editor Dr. Horvath continues her series on writing a research paper: 5 Common Mistakes to Avoid when Writing a Discussion.
Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so.
November 21, Writing a research paper discussion.
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The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: Most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than.Download